Bible Studies - Sanctuary

Types and Antitypes
In The Sanctuary


(Taken from the end of each chapter in the book The Cross And Its Shadow by S. N. Haskell.)



THE SANCTUARY

Names given the heavenly sanctuary by different Bible writers:

"Thy dwelling-place," Solomon, 2 Chron. 6:39.

"A palace," David, Psalm 48:3.

"His holy temple," David, Psalm 11:4.

"Temple of God," John, Rev. 11:19.

"Habitation of Thy holiness," Isaiah, Isa. 63:15.

"True tabernacle which the Lord pitched," Paul, Heb. 8:2.

"My Father's house," Jesus, John 14:2.

"Place of His habitation," David, Psalm 33:14.

"His holy habitation," Jeremiah, Jer. 25:30.

"The sanctuary," Paul, Heb. 8:2.

"Holiest of all," Paul, Heb.


Names given the earthly sanctuary:

"A worldly sanctuary," Heb. 9:1.

"The first tabernacle," Heb. 9:8.

"A figure for the time then present," Heb. 9:9.

"Patterns of things in the heavens," Heb. 9:23.

"Not the very image of the things," Heb. 10:1.

"Holy places made with hands," Heb. 9:24.

"Figures of the true," Heb. 9:24.

"The temple," 1 Cor. 9:13.


The body of the Christian is called the temple.

"Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. ... He spake of the temple of His body." John 2:19, 21.

"Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost?" 1 Cor. 6:19.

"If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are." 1 Cor. 3:17.


History of the Sanctuary

THE TABERNACLE.

Built by Moses in the wilderness, Ex. 40:1- 38.

Stored in Solomon's temple, 1 Kings 8:4; 1 Chron. 22:19.


THE TEMPLE.

Built by Solomon, 2 Chron. chap. 2-5.

Destroyed by the Babylonians, 2 Chron. 36:17-19.

Rebuilt by Zerubbabel, Ezra 6:13-15.

Repaired by Herod, John 2:20.

Forsaken by the Lord, Matt. 23:37, 39.

Destroyed by the Romans, Matt. 24:2, fulfilled 70 A.D.



FURNITURE OF THE SANCTUARY

The Tabernacle
TYPE ANTITYPE
Heb. 8:1-5. The earthly sanctuary was a shadow of the heavenly sanctuary. Rev. 11:19. There is a temple in heaven.
Heb. 9:1-3. The worldly sanctuary had two apartments. Heb 9:24. The heavenly sanctuary also has two apartments.



The Ark
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 26:33. The ark was placed in the most holy place. Rev. 11:19. The ark was seen in the heavenly sanctuary.
Ex. 25:21, 22. God's Visible presence was manifested above the mercy-seat. Ex. 34:5-7. The Lord gives His name as Merciful and Gracious and Longsuffering.



The Golden Candlestick
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 40:24. Golden candlestick in the first apartment of earthly sanctuary. Rev. 1:12. John saw the seven golden candlesticks in heaven.
Ex. 25:37; 40:25. There were seven lamps upon the candlestick. Rev. 4:2, 5. John saw seven lamps of fire before the throne of God in heaven.
Ex. 30: 7, 8. The High Priest trimmed and lighted the lamps in the earthly sanctuary. Rev. 1:12-18. John saw Christ, our High Priest, in the midst of the candlesticks in heaven.
Lev. 24:2. The lamps were burned continually, always shedding forth light. John 1:9. The Holy Spirit lightens every soul that comes into the world, whether he accepts or rejects it.



The Table Of Showbread
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 25:30. Showbread always before the Lord. John 6:48. Christ said, "I am the bread of life."
Lev. 24:5. There were twelve cakes of the showbread, the number of the tribes of Israel. 1 Cor. 10:17. In speaking of the church, Paul says, "We being many are one bread and one body."



The Altar Of Incense And Its Service
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 30:1-3; 40:26. The golden altar was before the veil. Rev. 8:3. There is a golden altar in heaven before the throne of God.
Ex. 30:7, 8. Incense was burned on the golden altar by the high priest every morning and evening. Rev. 8:3, 4. Much incense is added to the prayers of all saints, and they then ascend before God.
Ex. 30:9; Lev. 10:1-9. The one who should burn incense with strange fire was to be destroyed. Isa. 64:6. One clothed with his own righteousness will be destroyed.



THE PRIESTHOOD

Christ Our High Priest
Heb. 7:25. "Is able to save to the uttermost all that come unto God by Him."
Heb. 4:15. "Is touched with the feeling of our infirmities." "Was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin."
Heb. 2:18. "For in that He Himself hath suffered being tempted, He is able to succor them that are tempted."
Heb. 2:17. "He is a merciful and faithful High Priest."
Heb. 7:25. "He ever liveth to make intercession for us."



Office And Work Of The Priests
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 28:1, 2. Called of God. Heb. 3:1-3. Appointed by God.
Ex. 29:29. The priesthood passed from father to son. Heb. 7:23, 24. Lives forever.
Lev. 16:1-20. The high priest made the typical atonement in the end of the year's service. Heb. 9:14, 26. Christ atones for sin by the sacrifice of Himself.



The Priests
TYPE ANTITYPE
Heb. 8:5. The earthly priests served "unto the example and shadow of heavenly things." Heb. 10:10. "We are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all."
1 Chron. 24:1-19, 31. Priests were divided into twenty-four courses, with a chief over each course. Rev. 4:4, 5; 5:8-10. John saw twenty-four elders in the first apartment of the heavenly sanctuary.
Ezra 2:61, 62. There was a record kept of all who had a right to officiate in the priest's office. Rev. 20:15. None will be saved whose names are not found written in the book of life.



The Levites
TYPE ANTITYPE
Num. 18:1-7. The Levites served under the priests in the court of the sanctuary. Matt. 28:19, 20. Christ's ministers are to go to all the world – the antitypical court.
2 Chron. 35:3; 30:22. The Levites were teacher in Israel. Matt. 28:19. Christ commissioned His disciples to teach all nations.



The Garments Of The Priests
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 28:32. Garment all of one piece. John 19:23. Christ's earthly garment was woven in one piece.
Ex. 28:15-21. The breastplate of judgment contained the names of the twelve tribes, and was worn over the heart of the high priest as he performed the work which typified the work of the judgment. Rev. 3:5. As each individual name comes up in review before God in the judgment, Christ will "confess" the names of the overcomers, and their names will remain in the book of live.



SPRINGTIME ANNUAL FEASTS

The Passover

"Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us." 1 Cor. 5:7.

TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 12:3-5. Lamb selected some days before it was slain. John 11:47-53. Christ condemned to death by the Sanhedrin some days before the crucifixion.
Ex. 12:6. It was set apart, and kept separate from the flock. John 11:53-54. "Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews."
Ex. 12:6. The Passover lamb was slain on the fourteenth day of Abib, or Nisan. John 18:28; 19:14, 31; Luke 23:54-56. Jesus was crucified on the day the Jews were preparing to eat the Passover; viz., the fourteenth day of the month of Abib, or Nisan.
Ex. 12:6, margin. The lamb was slain between the two evenings. Mark 15:34-37; John 19:30. Jesus died upon the cross "between the two evenings," or about the ninth hour.
Ex. 12:46. Not a bone of the lamb was broken. John 19:33-36. Not a bone of the Saviour was broken.
Ex. 12:7. Blood was placed on the two posts and lintel of the door. 1 John 1:7. "The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin."
Ex. 12:8. Unleavened bread and bitter herbs were eaten with the lamb. 1 Cor. 5:7, 8. Unleavened bread represented freedom from malice and wickedness.
Ex. 12:19. No leaven was allowed in their homes for one week after the Passover feast. 1 Peter 3:10; 1 Thess. 5:23. The Christian is not only to keep his lips from speaking guile, but his whole spirit, soul, and body are to be preserved blameless.
Ex. 12:7, 12, 29, 42. Deliverance came at midnight after the slaying of the first-born of the Egyptians. Job. 34:20. "It is at midnight that God manifests His power for the deliverance of His people."
Ex. 12:22, 23. No shelter from the destroyer except under the blood of the Passover lamb. Acts 4:12. "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved."
Ex. 12:10, 46. None of the lamb to be left until morning. The portion not eaten was to be burned. Mal. 4:1-3; Eze. 28:12-19. When the righteous are delievered, ashes will be the only reminder of sin and sinners.
Ex. 12:43. No stranger could eat of the Passover. Rev. 21:27. No sinner can share the reward of the righteous.
Ex. 12:48. There was provision made by which a stranger could eat of the Passover. Eph. 2:13; Gal. 3:29. "But now, in Christ Jesus, ye who sometimes were far off, are made nigh by the blood of Christ."



The Feasts Of Unleavened Bread
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 23:6, 7. The day following the Passover, the fifteenth day of Abib, was a ceremonial sabbath. Luke 23:54-56, John 19:31. The fifteenth day of Abib, in the year the Saviour was crucified, was the seventh-day Sabbath of the Lord.
Deut. 16:4. "There shall no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days." 1 Cor. 5:7. "Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us."
Deut. 16:3. "Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread, . . . that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of they life." 1 Cor. 5:8. "Let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."



The Offering Of The First-Fruits

Christ the First-Fruits. 1 Cor 15:23.

TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 23:5-11. The first-fruits were offered the third day after the Passover. 1 Cor. 15:20; Luke 23:21-23. Christ arose on the third day and became the first-fruits.
Lev. 23:10, margin. The priest waved a handful of grain in the head or an omer of kernels. Rom. 8:29; Matt. 27:52, 53. Many saints arose with Christ. He was the first-born among many brethren.



Pentecost
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 23:16. This feast was held seven weeks, or fifty days, from the offering of first-fruits. Acts 2:1. The day of Pentecost had fully come, that is, the full seven weeks had passed.
Deut 16:16. All the men of the children of Israel were to appear before the Lord at Jerusalem at the time of this feast. Acts 2:7-11. Men from all parts of the then known world were gathered at Jerusalem at the time of Pentecost.
Ex. 23:16. The Feast of Harvest indicated "the first-fruits of thy labors which thou hast sown in the field." Acts 2:41. The antitype of the first-fruits was three thousand souls, the spiritual harvest gathered as the result of Christ's personal work.
Deut. 16:11, 12. Those celebrating this feast in the type were to "rejoyce before the Lord" and remember their freedom from Egyptian bondage. Acts 2:41, 46. Those that shared in the antitypical Feast of Harvest made it a time of rejoycing on account of their freedom from the bondage of sin.
Deut. 16:10. The children of Israel were to make liberal offerings at this feast, according as God had blessed them. Acts 2:44, 45. At the antitypical feast "all that believed" sold their possessions and goods and gave them to the Lord's work.



VARIOUS OFFERINGS

The Sin-offering

"Behold the lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." John 1:29.

TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 4:3, 23, 28. The animal to be without blemish. 1 Peter 1:19. Christ was "without blemish and without spot."
Lev. 4:4, 14. The offering was to be brought before the Lord to the door of the sanctuary. Heb. 4:15, 16. "Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need."
Lev. 4:4; Num. 5:7. The sinner laid his hand on the head of the offering, thus acknowledging his sins. 1 John 1:9. "If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins."
Lev. 4:29. The sinner slew the sin-offering; he took the life of the lamb with his own hands. Isa. 53:10. Christ's soul was made an offering for sin. Criminals often lived for days upon the cross; it was the awful burden of the sins of the world that slew Christ.
Lev. 4:5-7, 17, 18. In some offerings the blood was taken into the sanctuary and sprinkled before the Lord. Heb. 9:12. "By His own blood He [Christ] entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us."
Lev. 10:16-18. When the blood was not taken into the sanctuary, a portion of the flesh was eaten by the priest in the holy place; thus in type the priests bore "the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord." 1 Peter 2:24. This was a type of the One "who His own self bare our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness; by whose stripes we are healed."
Lev. 4:31; 7:30. The sinner with his own hands was to separate all the fat from the sin-offering, the fat typifying sin. Ps. 37:20. Isa. 1:16. We are not only to confess past sins, but we are to examine our own hearts and put away evil habits. "Cease to do evil."
Lev. 4:31. The fat is all burned to ashes in the court of the sanctuary. Mal. 4:1-3. All sin and sinners will be burned to ashes on the earth.
Lev. 4:7, 18, 25, 30. The blood of every sin-offering was poured on the ground at the bottom of the brazen altar in the court. Eph. 1:14. Christ purchased the earth as well as its inhabitants by His death on the cross.



The Burnt-offering
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 1:9. Sacrifice given to God was accepted as "a sweet savor unto the Lord." Eph. 5:2. Christ has given Himself for us "an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savor."
Ex. 29:38-43. God met with His people as they offered their whole burnt-offerings, and they were sanctified by His presence. Heb. 10:8-10. "We are sanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Chris once for all."
Lev. 1:2-9, 13, 17. The entire body was consumed on the altar, "an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor unto the Lord." Rom. 12:1. "I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God."



The Drink-offering
TYPE ANTITYPE
Gen. 35:14. The drink-offering was poured out before the Lord. Isa. 53:12. Christ "poured out His soul unto death."
Num. 15:10. It was poured over the burnt-offering on the altar, and consumed. The burning was a sweet savor, acceptable to God. Phil. 2:16, 17, margin. The one who fully surrenders his life for the Lord's service, pours his life upon the sacrifice of Christ, to be spent for the glory of God, as His life was spent.



The Meat-offering
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 2:1-3. It was "a thing most holy of the offerings of the Lord made by fire." Rom. 12:1. "Present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God."
Lev. 2:9. The meat-offering was "a sweet savor unto the Lord." Phil. 4:18. When God's people made sacrifices for Him, it is "an odor of a sweet smell, . . . well pleasing to God.
Lev. 2:13. "Every oblation of thy meat-offering shalt thou season with salt; . . . with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt." Mark 9:50. "Have salt in yourselves." Co. 4:6. "Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt."



The Trespass-offering
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 5:15, 16. The Trespass-offering atoned for the result of the sin as well as for the sin. Isa. 53:10-12. The death of Christ, the great trespass-offering, not only atones for sin, but destroys all the effect of sin.
Lev. 6:1-7. The sacrifice without the restitution was not acceptable. Matt. 5:23-26. Our prayers are of no avail if we cherish evil in our hearts.



The Offering of the Red Heifer
TYPE ANTITYPE
Num. 19:2. A Red heifer without spot. Heb. 9:13, 14. Christ offered Himself without spot to God.
Num. 19:2. There was to be no blemish in the animal. John 15:10; 2 Cor. 5:21. Christ never disobeyed the law of God. He "knew no sin."
Num. 19:2. One that had never borne the yoke, never been forced to do anything. John 10:15. "As the Father knoweth Me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down My life for the sheep."



The Peace-offering

Christ is our peace. Eph. 2:14.

TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 3:1. The peace-offering must be without blemish. 1 John 3:5. No sin in Christ.
Lev. 7:29, 30. Fat was separated from the offering. Fat was a type of sin. Ps. 37:20. 2 Cor. 13:5. "Examine yourselves; . . . prove your own selves."
Lev. 7:31. The fat was burned. Matt. 25:41. Sin and sinners to be burned.
Lev. 7:32, 33. The shoulder was the priest's portion. Isa. 9:6; Luke 15:5. The government shall be upon Christ's shoulder.
Lev. 7:31. "The breast shall be Aaron's and his sons." Isa. 40:11. "He shall . . . carry them (the lambs) in his bosom."
Deut. 18:3. The two cheeks were given to the priests. Matt. 26:67; Isa. 50:6. They spit in the Saviour's face.
Lev. 7:15, 16. Flesh could be eaten the first and second days. 1 Cor. 15:3, 4. Christ lay in the grave the first and second days.
Lev. 7:17, 18. None of the flesh was to be eaten the third day. Matt. 28:6; Luke 24:21. The third day the angel over the empty tomb said, "He is not here: for He is risen."



The Cleansing of the Leper

"The entire system of Judaism was the gospel veiled."

TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 14:6, 7. Blood was sprinkled on the one to be cleansed. 1 Peter 1:2. The sprinkling of the blood of Jesus cleanses from sin.
Lev. 14:6. Cedar, scarlet, and hyssop were dipped in the blood. 1 Kings 4:33. Cedar and hyssop are extremes in vegetation. Heb. 9:19. John 19:29. The hyssop was brought in connection with the Saviour, while the cross was made from the trees of the forest.
Lev. 14:5. The bird was killed and the blood caught in an earthen vessel. Luke 22:44. Jesus' blood came in contact with the earth.
Lev. 14:6, 7. The bird that had been dipped in the blood was let loose to fly through the air. Jer. 9:21. Air is unclean. Rev. 21:1. There will be a new heaven (atmospheric heaven), as the result of Christ's death. His blood dropped through the air from the cross.
Lev. 14:14, 17. The tip of the ear was touched with the blood and oil. Isa. 42:18-20. God's servants are deaf to things they should not hear.
Lev. 14:14, 17. The thumb of the right hand was touched with blood and oil. Ps. 119:48. "My hands also will I lift up unto Thy commandments, which I have loved."
Lev. 14:14, 17. The toe of the right foot was touched with the blood. Gen. 17:1. "I am the almighty: walk before me, and be thou perfect."



SERVICES OF THE SANCTUARY

The Court and Its Services
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 27:9-18. There was a court surrounding the tabernacle, in which the offerings were slain. Lev. 4:4, 14, 15, 24, 29. John 12:31-33. The great antitypical offering was slain in the earth.
Lev. 6:10, 11. The ashes from the altar were placed in a clean place. Mal. 4:1-3. The ashes of the wicked will be left on the clean earth.
Lev. 6:10. The priest was attired in priestly garments when he placed the ashes by the altar. Heb. 2:17. Christ is High Priest to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
Lev. 6:11. When the priest carried the ashes without the camp unto a clean place, he laid aside his priestly robes, and put on other garments. Rev. 19:14-16; Isa. 63:1-4. When Christ comes to the earth to destroy sin and sinners, He will have changed from His priestly garments for those of a king.



The Work in the First Apartments
TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 29:42, 43. The visible presence of God was manifested in the first apartment of the earthly sanctuary. Rev. 4:2-5. The seven lamps were seen in heaven before the throne.
Ex. 30:7, 8. The high priest trimmed and lighted the lamps. Rev. 1:13. Christ was seen among the golden candle-sticks in the heavenly sanctuary.
Ex. 40:24, 25. The lamps in the earthly sanctuary were burning before the Lord. Rev. 4:2, 5. The seven lamps of fire were seen burning before the throne of God in heaven.
Heb. 9:6. "The priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God." Heb. 7:25. Christ ever liveth to make intercession for us.
Lev. 4:7; 10:16-18. By the blood and the flesh the sins were transferred to the earthly sanctuary. 1 Peter 2:24; 1 John 1:7. By the merits of the sacrifice of the body and blood of Christ, our sins are forgiven.
Lev. 4:7. The marks of sin touched the horns of the altar. Jer. 2:22. The actual sin is marked before the Lord in heaven.
Num. 18:7. None but the priests could look within the veil. All that remained of the sin-offering without the veil was burned. All trace of the sin-offering was covered from sight. Ps. 32:1. When we confess our sins, they are transferred to the heavenly sanctuary and covered, nevermore to appear, if we are faithful.



A Wonderful Prophecy

Events definitely located by the two thousand three hundred years.

Baptism of Christ. Dan. 9:25; John 1:41 margin; Luke 3:21.
Death of Christ. Dan. 9:26, 27.
Anointing the heavenly sanctuary. Dan. 9:24.
Gospel going to the Gentiles. Dan. 9:27; Heb. 2:3; Acts 8:4.
Opening of the investigative judgment. Dan 8:14.



THE AUTUMN ANNUAL FEASTS

The Feast of Trumpets
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 23:24-27. Trumpets blown, announcing that the day of atonement was drawing near. Rev. 14:6, 7. The first angel's message announced that the real day of atonement, the judgment, was at hand.
Num. 28:11-15. Many sacrifices were made at the Feast of Trumpets. Heb. 10:32-37. Those who proclaimed the first angel's message sacrificed much; they "took joyfully the spoiling" of their goods.
Num. 10:3-10. The sound of the trumpet assembled Israel to appear before the Lord. 1 Cor. 15:51-53. The trumpet of God will summon the saints to meet the Lord when He appears.



The Day of Atonement
or
The Work in the Second Apartment
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 16:29, 30. On the tenth day of the seventh month the sanctuary was cleansed. Dan. 8:14. "Unto two thousand and three hundred days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed."
Lev. 16:15-19. The sanctuary was cleansed, and sins removed by the blood of the Lord's goat, at the end of the year's service. Acts 3:19, 20. Sins will be blotted from the heavenly records near the end of Christ's work as high priest.
Lev. 16:2. God's presence was in the most holy place on the day of atonement. Dan. 7:9, 10. The Father entered the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary before the opening of the judgment.
Lev. 16:4-6. The high priest made special preparation to enter the most holy apartment. Dan. 7:13, 14. Christ is borne into the most holy apartment by the angels of heaven.
Ex. 28:9-12. The high priest bore the name of Israel over his heart and on his shoulders when he entered the most holy place. Rev. 3:5. Christ knows each name, and confesses the names of the overcomers before the Father and the angels.
Lev. 16:20. When the high priest came out of the sanctuary, he had "made an end of reconciling." Rev. 22:11, 12. When Christ comes out from the heavenly sanctuary, He announces the eternal destiny of every soul.
Lev. 16:21. The sins were all laid upon the scapegoat. Ps. 7:16. Sin will return upon the head of the originator of sin.
Lev. 16:22. The goat shall bear the sins into a land not inhabited, a land of separation. Rev. 20:1-3. Satan will be left on the desolate earth for one thousand years.
Lev. 16:23. The high priest left the robe he wore while officiating in the most holy place in the sanctuary, and put on other garments. Rev. 19:11-16. Christ lays aside His priestly robes, and comes to the earth as King of kings and Lord of lords.
Lev. 16:27. The bodies of the sacrifices were taken without the camp and burned, and nothing but ashes remained as a reminder of sin. Matt. 13:41-43; Mal. 4:1-3. Christ will "gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity," and they will be burned in the fires of the last day. Only ashes will remain.



Duty of the Congregation
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 23:27. "It shall be a holy convocation unto you." All were to assemble for worship. Heb. 10:25. God's people should not forsake assembling together as the end draws near.
Lev. 23:27, 29. In the type, all were to afflict the soul, spend the day in "prayer, fasting, and deep searching of heart." Luke 21:34-36; Isa. 22:12-14. The admonition is, "Watch, . . . and pray always," and avoid surfeiting and drunkenness.
Lev. 23:27. "Offer an offering made by fire," an entire consecration. 1 Thess. 5:23; Rom. 12:1. The whole spirit, and soul, and body are to be fully consecrated to God.
Lev. 23:30. All personal work was to be laid aside on the day of atonement. Luke 21:34-36; Matt. 6:32, 33. The cares of this life are not to come in and crowd out God's work.



The Nature of the Judgment
The Three Books of Judgment


1. Book of Life
Luke 10:20. Names written in heaven.
Luke 10:19, 20. To be enrolled in the book of life is the highest honor given mortals.
Phil. 4:3. Names of faithful workers recorded.
Ex. 32:33. The names of those that cling to sin will be removed.
Rev. 3:5. Names of the faithful retained.
Rev. 13:8; 17:8. Wicked are not recorded.
Rev. 20:15. None will be saved whose names are not recorded in the book of life.
Isa. 4:3, margin.
Ps. 69:28; Eze. 13:9.
Heb. 12:23; Dan. 12:1.



2. Book of Remembrance
Mal. 3:16. Records every word.
Matt. 12:36, 37. Idle words.
Ps. 56:8. Tears of repentance.
Ps. 87:4-6. Birthplace and environments.
Eccl. 12:13, 14. Every secret act.
1 Cor. 4:5. Counsels of the heart.


3. Book of Death
Jer. 17:13. Those that forsake God are written in the earth.
Jer. 2:22. Sins all recorded.
Job 14:17. Sins sealed up.
Deut. 32:33-36. The sins of the wicket are all "laid up in store" until the day of judgment.
Hos. 13:12. Sin bound up.



The Feast of Tabernacles
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 23:27, 34. The Feast of Tabernacles came only a few days after the day of atonement. Rev. 22:11, 12. Quickly after the decree that closes the judgment Christ comes for His people.
Lev. 23:40-42. The people dwelt in booths, they lived in camp life. Rev. 20:9. The dwelling place of the redeemed before the earth is made new is called the "camp of the saints."
Lev. 23:42. All that were born Israelites could participate in the Feast of Tabernacles. John 3:5. It is the "new birth" that entitles a person to share in the "camp of the saints."



LEVITICAL LAWS AND CEREMONIES

The Feast of Jubilee
TYPE ANTITYPE
Lev. 25:10. The Jubilee gave liberty to every one. 1 Thess. 4:16, 17. The living and the dead will all be given freedom.
Lev. 25:9. The blast of the trumpet announced the Jubilee. 1 Cor. 15:51-53. The blast of the trumpet of the Lord, gives freedom to all.
Lev. 25:9. The Jubilee began on the Day of Atonement, the type of the judgment. Rev. 22:11, 12. Immediately after the decree is issued which closes the judgment, Christ comes.
Lev. 25:13. In the year of the Jubilee every man returned to his own possessions. Isa. 35:1-10. The ransomed of the Lord will enjoy the redeemed earth forever.
Lev. 25:23. The Lord always owned the land. Man was only a steward. Psa. 24:1; 1 Cor. 10:26, 28. The Lord owns all the earth. He has never relinquished His title to the land.
Lev. 25:48, 49; Ruth 2:20, margin. Only one nigh of kin had the right to redeem. Heb. 2:14-16. Jesus was born of the seed of Abraham, that He might be nigh of kin.
Lev. 25:47-51. The persons of those sold in bondage were redeemed and set free. Rom 8:23; Hosea 13:14. He that is nigh of kin, says, "I will ransom them from the power of the grave."
Lev. 25:25-28. The land could be redeemed by one nigh of kin. Eph. 1:14. Christ has purchased the possessions of His people.
Lev. 25:29-30. Dwelling houses in walled cities did not revert to the original owners in the Jubilee. Rev. 16:19; Jer. 4:26. All earthly cities will be destroyed at Christ's second coming.
Lev. 25:32, 33. Dwelling houses in the cities of the Levites could be redeemed. They all reverted to the original owners in the Jubilee. The priests were a type of Christ. Heb. 11:10, 16; Rev. 21:1-27. Christ, the antitypical priest, has a city which will be given to His people in the antitypical Jubilee.
Gen. 2:2, 3. The weekly Sabbath was a stepping-stone toward the Jubilee. Isa. 66:22, 23. The Sabbath will be observed on the new earth forever.



The Cities of Refuge
TYPE ANTITYPE
Joshua 20:2, 3; Deut. 19:4, 5. The cities were to be a shelter for all who slew any one unaware or unwittingly. Rev. 22:16, 17; John 7:37; 1 John 1:7. Christ is the only refuge in this world from sin and destruction.
Deut. 19:2-4. The roads were to be kept open, in good condition, that none be hindered in fleeing to the city. 1 Cor. 11:1; Mal 2:8. God designs that His people should be examples for the world to copy; but when they sin, they become stumbling blocks in the way of others.
Joshua 20:3, 4. The one who fled for refuge confessed his sin at the gate of the city, and if he had not premeditated the murder, he was received. 1 John 1:9. "If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."
Deut. 19:11-13. If the murderer hated the one he had slain and planned the murder, then he was not received into the city, but was given over to the avenger of blood. Matt. 7:21-23; Heb. 10:26-29; 12:16, 17. Some may through fear of punishment come with only lip service, while in their hearts they are cherishing sin; such will not be accepted.
Num. 35:24, 25. Being received into the city did not forever settle the fate of the murderer. He must stand in judgment before the congregation, and there his destiny was decided. Acts 17:31; Rev. 3:5. Every one will be judged before the judgment bar of God for the deeds done in the body.
Num. 35:26, 27. Within the city was life, outside the city was death. 1 John 5:11, 12. "He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hat not life."
Joshua 20:6; Num. 35:28. After "the death of the high priest that shall be in those days," the slayer might return to "the land of his possession." Matt. 25:34. When Christ lays aside His priestly robes and reigns as king, then all, who abide in Him, will receive their inheritance in the earth made new.



The Rock

"They drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them:
and that Rock was Christ." 1 Cor. 10:4.

TYPE ANTITYPE
Ex. 17:6. The rock was smitten to save the people from thirst. Heb. 9:28. "Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many."
Ps. 78:15, 16. "He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers." John 7:38. Christ said, "He that believeth on Me, . . . out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water."
Num. 20:8. "Speak ye unto the rock, . . . and it shall give forth his water." Luke 11:9, 10. "Ask, and it shall be given you, . . . for every one that asketh receiveth."



Various Levitical Laws
TYPE ANTITYPE
Deut 22:11. "Thou shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts, as of woolen and linen together." Isa. 64:6; 61:10. We can not mingle the filthy rags of our righteousness with the robes of Christ's righteousness.
Deut. 22:10. "Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together." 2 Cor. 6:14-17. "Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers."
Deut. 22:9. "Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds; lest the fruit of they seed which thou has sown, and the fruit of they vineyard, be defiled." 1 Cor. 15:33. Twentieth Century translation : "Good character is marred by evil company." Syriac Translation : "Evil stories corrupt well-disposed minds."
Deut. 22:8. "Thou shalt make a battlement for they roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house. Heb. 12:13. "Make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way."
Deut. 25:4. "Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth our the corn." 1 Cor. 9:11; 1 Tim. 5:18. "If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing, if we shall reap your carnal things?"
Num. 21:8, 9. Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, and all that looked upon it, lived. John 3:14, 15. "Even so must the Son of man be lifted up; that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have eternal life."



THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL

Reuben - Summary

The birthright embraced, -

A double portion of property,

The priesthood of the family,

The progenitor of Christ.

Reuben had four sons, whose descendants formed the tribe which bore his name. 1 Chron. 5:3.



Simeon - Summary

Simeon had six sons, whose descendants formed the tribe which bore his name. Gen. 46:10.

The tribe numbered 22,200, when they entered the promised land. Num. 26:12-14.

Judith, the only noted character in the tribe, slew the leader of the enemies' army. Judith 13:6-14.

(Judith is a book in the Catholic Bible, but not in the King James Version Bible.)



Levi - Summary

Levi had three sons, whose descendants formed the tribe which bore his name. Gen. 46:11.

Aaron and his sons officiated as priests.

The remainder of the tribe assisted in the work of the temple.

Noted Characters

Moses and Aaron were the most noted Levites in the Old Testament.

Barnabas and Mark are prominent characters in the New Testament.



Judah - Summary

Judah was the progenitor of Christ. 1 Chron. 5:2; Gen. 49:10.

The tribe of Judah were the descendants of the three youngest sons of Judah.

The tribe numbered 76,500 when they entered the promised land. Num. 26:19-22.

The scepter did not depart from Judah until Shiloh came. Isa. 7:14, 16.

Noted Characters

Caleb, the son of Jephunneh. Num. 13:16.

Othneil, a nephew of Caleb, judged Israel forty years. Judges 3:9-11.

Ibzan of Bethlehem, of the land of Judah, judged Israel seven years. Judges 12:8-10.

Judah furnished many kings; prominent among them were David, Solomon, Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, and Josiah.

The greatest character of all is Jesus, the Lion of the tribe of Judah. Rev. 5:5.



Naphtali - Summary

The tribe of Naphtali sprang from four sons of Naphtali. Gen. 46:24.

The tribe numbered 45,400, when they entered the promised land. Num. 26:50.

Barak, of Kadesh-Naphtali, is the only great hero of this tribe.

Christ's work in the borders of what has been the land of Naphtali, was subject of prophecy. Isa. 9:1, 2.



Gad - Summary

The tribe of Gad were the descendants of the seven sons of Gad. Gen 46:16.

The tribe numbered 40,500, when they entered the promised land. Num. 26:18.

Tiglath-pileser carried Gad captive into Assyria. 1 Chron. 5:26.

Noted Characters

Barzillai, the friend of David. 2 Sam. 19:32-39.

Jephthah, that "mighty man of valor." Judges 11:1.

"Elijah the Tishbite" was from Gilead, or Gad. 1 Kings 17:1.



Asher - Summary

Asher had four sons and a daughter, from whom sprang the tribe which bore his name. 1 Chron. 7:30.

The tribe numbered 53,400, when they entered the promised land. Num. 26:47.

Asher furnished no hero or judge to the nation.

Anna, the prophetess, is the only noted character of the tribe of Asher, mentioned in the Bible. Luke 2:36-38.



Issachar - Summary

Issachar had four sons, from whom sprang the tribe which bore his name. 1 Chron. 7:1.

When the children of Israel entered the promised land, the tribe of Issachar numbered 64, 300. Num. 26:23-25.

Issachar possessed one of the richest portions of Palestine.

The valley of Megiddo, or the plain of Esdaelon, was within the borders of Issachar.

Tola, who judged Israel twenty-three years, was an Issacharite. Judges 10:1, 2.

Baasha, king of Israel, was of the tribe of Issachar. 1 Kings 15:27.



Zebulun - Summary

Zebulun had three sons, whose descendants formed the tribe which bore his name. Gen. 46:14.

The tribe numbered 60,500, when they entered the promised land. Num. 26:26, 27.

In the typical battle of Megiddo, they were self-supporting warriors. Judges 5:19.

Nazareth, the childhood home of Jesus, was within the borders of Zebulun.

Isaiah prophesied that Zebulun would receive great light. Isa. 9:1, 2.



Joseph - Summary

Two large tribes sprang from the two sons of Joseph. Gen 46:27.

When the children of Israel entered Egypt (should be promised land), the descendants of Joseph numbered 85,200. Num. 26:34-37; Gen. 49:22.

Joseph received one part of the birthright, - the double portion of the inheritance. 1 Chron. 5:1.

This portion of the birthright is perpetuated throughout eternity by two divisions of the one hundred and forty-four thousand, representing the family of Joseph. Rev. 7:6, 8.



Benjamin - Summary

Benjamin had ten sons from whom sprang the tribe of Benjamin. Gen. 46:21.

When they entered the promised land the tribe of Benjamin numbered 45,600. Num. 26:41.

The Benjamites were noted for archery, and for being left-handed. 1 Chron. 8:40; 2 Chron. 17:17.

Ramah, the home of Samuel, was within the borders of Benjamin.

Mizpeh, where Israel held great assemblies, was in the land of Benjamin.

Notes Characters

Ehud, who judged Israel eighty years. Judges 3:21-26.

Saul, the first king of Israel. 1 Sam. 9:21.

Mordecai, whom the Lord used to save Israel in the days of Esther. Esther 2:5.

Paul, the leading apostle to the Gentiles. Rom. 11:1.



Manasseh - Summary

The only son of Manasseh mentioned is Machir, whose mother was a concubine; from him sprang the tribe of Manasseh. 1 Chron. 7:14.

When Israel entered Canaan the tribe of Manasseh numbered 52,700. Num. 26:34.

Gideon, the greatest of the judges, was of the tribe of Manasseh.

The first women mentioned as holding property in their own names, were the tribe of Manassah. Num. 27:1-8.



The One Hundred and Forty-four Thousand - Summary

The one hundred and forty-four thousand receive the seal of the living God in their foreheads. Rev. 7:2-4.

They obtain the victory over the beast and his image. Rev. 15:2.

Are redeemed from among men. Rev. 14:3, 4.

Stand upon Mount Zion. Rev. 14:1.

"Follow the Lamb whithersoever He goeth." Rev. 14:4.

Sing a song that no one else can sing. Rev. 14:3.

Serve Christ in the heavenly temple. Rev. 7:15.

A seal attached to a legal document must give the name, office or authority, of the one issuing the document, and the territory over which he rules.

God has a seal; this seal is connected with His law. Rev. 7:3, 4; Isa. 8:16.

The fourth commandment contains the seal of the law of God. It gives His name, - Lord God; His authority, - the Creator; and His territory, - the heaven and earth which He has made. Ex. 20:8-11.

Sign and seal are synonymous terms. Rom 4:11.

The Sabbath is the sign, or seal , of the law of God. Eze. 20:12, 20.

A blessing is pronounced upon the one who will keep the Sabbath. Isa. 56:1, 2.




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© S. D. Goeldner, February, 2011. Last updated October, 2017.
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