Bible Studies - Sanctuary

22. Sacrifices of the Sanctuary Service


Reproduced from The Sanctuary Service by M. L. Andreason,
(C) 1947, pages 340-357.


This study is best viewed on larger tablets, ipads,
laptops or desktop screens - due to large tables.


(The following outline of the various sacrificial offerings and the special ceremonies and feasts of the ancient Jewish economy was originally developed as a chart by Merwin R. Thurber.  It is included here by special arrangement between the author of this book and the preparer of the outline.)


BURNT OFFERINGS

NATURE: Voluntary, so far as the individual was concerned, but specified on certain occasions for the whole congregation, and in certain instances for individuals.  Leviticus 1:3.

ACCOMPLISHMENT: Atonement was made-it was accepted for him.  Leviticus 1:1.


When Offered Animals Prescribed
1. At will-generally.  Leviticus 1:1.

1. Any clean male animal ordinarily used for sacrifice.  Leviticus 1.
2. Daily.  Exodus 29:38-42; Numbers 28:3-8.

2. Two male yearling lambs.
3. At consecrations.  Exodus 29:15-18; Leviticus 8:18-21; Numbers 7; 8.

3. Bullocks, rams, lambs.
4. On special days and feasts. 4. On special days and feasts.
a. Sabbath.  Numbers 28:9, 10. a. Two additional lambs.
b. New moons.  Numbers 28:11-14. b. Two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs.
c. Feast of Unleavened Bread.  Numbers 28:17-25. c. Daily-two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs.
d. Day of Wave Sheaf.  Leviticus 23:10-14. d. One male yearling lamb.
e. Day of Pentecost.  Lev. 23:17-21; Numbers 28:26-31. e. For the day-two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs.  For the bread one bullock, two rams, seven lambs.
First day of seventh Month.  Numbers 29:1-6.

One bullock, one ram, seven lambs, besides the monthly offering.
f. Day of Atonement.  Leviticus 16; Numbers 29:7-11. f. For the priest - one ram, Leviticus 16:3. For the people one ram, Leviticus 16:5. For the day one bullock, one ram, seven lambs.  Numbers 29:7-11.
g. Feast of Tabernacles.  Numbers 29:12-34. g. Thirteen bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs on first day, decreasing bullocks daily by one to seven bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs on the seventh day.
h. Octave of Feast of Tabernacles.  Numbers 29:35-38.

h. One bullock, one ram, seven lambs.
5. For purification. 5. For purification.
a. Childbirth.  Leviticus 12. a. Lamb or pigeon or turtle dove.
b. Leprosy.  Leviticus 14. b. Lamb or pigeon or turtle dove.
c. Bloody issue.  Lev. 15:13-15, 25-30.

c. Pigeon or turtledove.
6. Nazarite vow.  Numbers 6. 6. Nazarite vow.

a. accidental violation- pigeon or turtledove.

b. Fulfillment-lamb.

7. With sin offering of poor.  Leviticus 5:7-10.

7. Pigeon or turtledove.
8. With sin offering when congregations sins through ignorance.  Numbers 15:22-26. 8. Bullock.

Accompaniments

General

Salt.  Lev. 2:13.
Meal offerings.  Num. 15:2-12:
For a lamb or king: 1/10 deal of flour, 1/4 hin of oil, 1/4 hin of wine.
For a ram: 2/10 deal of flour, 1/3 hin of oil, 1/3 hin of wine.
For a bullock: 3/10 deal of flour, 1/2 hin of oil, 1/2 hin of wine.
Incense.  Lev. 2:1, 2.

Sabbaths

For each lamb: 2/10 deal of flour, with appropriate oil and drink offering (double the usual amount for each lamb).

Day of Wave Sheaf

For the lamb: 2/10 deal of flour (double), oil (probably in proportion), 1/4 hin of wine (regular).  Lev. 23:13

Purification for Childbirth

Not specified.

Purification of Cleansed Leper

3/10 deal flour with oil, or 1/10 deal flour with oil.

Purification of Bloody Issue.

None.

Order of Procedure

Bullock, Sheep, or Goat.  Lev. 1:3-13.

1. Offerer places hand on head of victim, and slays him.
2. Priest sprinkles blood upon the altar.
3. Offerer skins and cut up the animal, washing legs and inwards in water.
4. Priest places fire, arranges wood, and places pieces of animal in order on the fire.
5. Sacrifice is completely consumed on altar.

Turtledove or Pigeon.  Lev. 1:14-17.

1. Priest wrings off head, and burns it on altar.
2. Squeezes out blood against the side of altar.
3. Cuts out crop and removes feathers.
4. Cuts bird open, but not apart.
5. Offering is completely consumed on altar.

Disposition

Blood

Sprinkled on the altar round about.  Lev. 1:5, 11, 15.

Fat, etc.

Not separated.  Lev. 1:8, 12.

Wave Offering

None.

Whole Carcass

Burned on altar.  Lev. 1:9, 13, 17.

Skin

Given to priest.  Lev. 7:8.

Crop and Feathers

Thrown on ash heap.  Lev. 1:16.



PEACE OFFERINGS

NATURE: Ordinarily voluntary. Included vows, thank offerings, and freewill offerings. Lev. 19:5; 7:15, 16. Communal feast in which the Lord, the priest, and the people shared.  Lev. 3:11; 7-14, 31-33; 7:15-18; 19:5-8; Deut. 27:7: 12:17, 18.


When Offered Animals Prescribed
1. At will, or in fulfillment of a vow.  Lev. 19:5; 7:16.

1. Any clean animal ordinarily used for sacrifice, male or female.  Leviticus 3.

2. At consecrations.  Ex. 29:19-28; Lev. 8:22; 9:4; Numbers 7.

2. Ram.  (Lev. 8:22), bullock and ram (Lev. 9:4), oxen, rams, he-goats, lambs (Numbers 7).

3. At Pentecost, with the bread.  Lev. 23:17-20.

3. Two lambs.  Lev. 23:20.
4. At fulfillment of Nazarite vow.  Num. 6:14, 17, 18. 4. Ram.  Num. 6:14.
RULE: Ordinarily a sacrifice must be perfect to be accepted, but a free-will offering could have superfluous parts, or parts lacking.  Lev. 22:21-24.

Accompaniments

Offerings of Thanksgiving.  Lev. 7:12-14.

Unleavened cakes mingled with oil.
Unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
Fried cakes.
Leavened bread, part of which is waved, and given to the officiating priest

Vow and Voluntary Offering.  Num. 15:3-12.

For a lamb: 1/10 deal flour, 1/4 hin oil, 1/4 hin wine.
For a ram: 2/10 deal flour, 1/3 hin oil, 1/3 hin wine.
For a bullock: 3/10 deal flour, 1/2 hin oil, 1/2 hin wine.

For All Offerings.

Salt.  Lev. 2:13.

Order of Procedure

(See Leviticus 3)

1. Hand on head of victim.
2. Offerer slays animal.
3. Priest sprinkles blood on the altar round about.
4. Offerer waves breast, right shoulder, fat, etc., before the Lord.  Lev. 7:29-32.
5. Priest burns fat, etc. on altar.
6. Rest is eaten. (See Disposition.)


Disposition

Blood

Sprinkled on the altar round about.  Lev. 3:2, etc.

Fat, etc.

Burned on altar.  Lev. 3:3-5; 7:31.

Wave Offering

Breast and right shoulder go to priest.  Lev. 7:29-36.

Rest of Carcass

Eaten by offerer.  Deut. 27:7; 12:17, 18.


RULE: Thanksgiving offering must be eaten the same day.  Voluntary and vow offerings may be eaten also on the second day, but no later.  Lev. 7:16-18.



SIN OFFERINGS

NATURE: Required, when any sinned through ignorance; and on special occasions to cover such sins for the whole congregation.  Lev. 4:2; Num. 15:22-29.

ACCOMPLISHMENT: Atonement was made for sin.  Lev. 4:35; Num. 15:24.


When Offered Animals Prescribed
1. General--If a soul sin through ignorance.  Lev. 4:2; Num. 15:27, 28.

a. Priest.  Lev. 4:3-12. a. Bullock.  Lev. 4:3-12.
b. Congregation.  Lev. 4:13-21. b. Bullock.  Lev. 4:13-21.  Kid.  Num. 15:24.
c. Ruler.  Lev. 4:22-26. c. Kid of the goats, male.  Lev. 4:22-26.
d. Common people.  Lev 4:27-35. d. Kid or lamb, female (Lev. 4:27-35); or if he is too poor, two turtledoves or pigeons (Lev. 5:7), one for a sin offering, one for a burnt offering.  If he is yet poorer, 1/10 ephah of fine flour, which is a sin offering, not a meal offering.  Lev. 5:11, 12.
Specific borderline cases in which sin offering is used.
a. Perjury under oath.  Lev. 5:1.
b. Uncleanness from dead body. Lev. 5:2.
c. Uncleanness of man. Lev. 5:3.
d. Rash oath.  Lev. 5:4.


2. Consecrations. 2. Consecrations.
a. Aaron and his sons. Ex. 29:10-14, 36, 37; Lev. 8:2, 3, etc. a. Bullock.
b. Princes. Numbers 7. b. Kid.
c. Levites. Numbers 8. c. Bullock.

3. Special days. 3. Special days.
a. New moons.  Num. 28:15. a. Kid. Num. 28:15.
b. Feast of Unleavened Bread.  Num. 28:17-24. b. Kid, daily.  Num. 28:22-24.
c. Pentecost.  Lev. 23:19; Num. 28:30. c. For the day--kid.  Num. 28:30.

For the bread--kid. Lev.23:18, 19.
d. First day of seventh month.  Num. 29:5. d. Kid.  Num. 29:5.
e. Day of Atonement, Lev. 16; Num. 29:11. e. One kid besides the sacrifice of the atonement. Num. 29:11.
f. Feast of Tabernacles.  Num. 29:16-34. f. Kid, daily.  Num. 29:16-34.
g. Octave of Feast of Tabernacles. Num. 29:38. g. Goat. Num. 29:38.

4. Purification. 4. Purification.
a. Childbirth. Lev. 12:6, 8. a. Pigeon. Lev. 12:6, 8.
b. Leprosy. Lev. 14:10, 19, 22. b. Eve lamb or pigeon.  Lev. 14:10, 19, 22.
c. Issue of blood. Lev. 15:14, 15, 29, 30. c. Pigeon. Lev. 15:14, 15, 29, 30.

5. Nazarite Vow. 5. Nazarite Vow.
a. Accidental violation.  Num. 6:10, 11. a. Pigeon.  Num. 6:10, 11.
b. Fulfillment.  Num. 6:14-16. b. Ewe lamb.  Num. 6:14-16

Accompaniments

Salt.  Lev. 2:13.

Order of Procedure

Priest and Congregation.  Leviticus 4.

1. Hand on head of victim.
2. Animal slain.
3. Blood sprinkled before veil in holy place, and placed on horns of golden altar.
4. Rest of blood poured out at foot of altar of burnt offering.
5. Fat, kidneys, etc., burned on altar.
6. Whole animal--with skin, inwards, dung, etc.--burned without the camp.

Ruler and Common People, Leviticus 4.

1. Hand on head of victim.
2. Animal slain.
3. Blood placed on horns of altar of burnt offering.
4. Rest of blood poured out at foot of altar.
5. Fat, etc., burned on altar.
6. Priest eats flesh of animal.  Lev. 6:25-29; 10:16-20.
Occasional offerings apparently follow general rule.
(For Day of Atonement sin offerings, see under Special Ceremonies.)


Disposition

Blood

1. Priest and congregation--sprinkled before the veil, and put on horns of golden altar.  Rest poured out.  Lev. 4:6, 7, 16-18.
2. Ruler and people--put on horns of altar of burnt offering.  Rest poured out.  Lev. 4:25, 30, 34.

Fat, etc.

Burned on altar.  Lev. 4:8-10, 19, 26, 35.

Wave Offering.

None.

Flesh

1. Priest and congregation--burned without the camp.  Lev. 4:12, 21.

Skin

1.  Priest and congregation--burned with whole animal.  Lev. 4:12, 21.
2. Ruler and people not specified, but may assume it went to the priest.

RULE: "No sin offering, whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile withal in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burned in the fire."  Lev. 6:30.



TRESPASS OFFERINGS

NATURE: Prescribed in cases of known sin.

ACCOMPLISHMENT: Atonement is made.  Lev. 5:16; 6:7.


When Offered Animals Prescribed
1. In case of known sin. Lev. 6:2, 3.

1. Ram. Lev. 6:6.
2. Ignorant sacrilege. Lev. 5:15.
(Borderline case in which trespass offering is used.)

2. Ram. Lev. 5:15.
3. Violation of betrothed slave. Lev. 19:20, 22. 3. Ram. Lev. 19:20-22.

4. Purification for leprosy. Lev. 14:12-18.

4. Lamb. Lev. 14:10, 13, etc.
5. Accidental violation of Nazarite vow. Num. 6:9-12.

5. Lamb. Num. 6:12.

Accompaniments

Salt.  Lev. 2:13.

Order of Procedure

Same as sin offering, except blood.  Lev. 7:1-7.

Disposition

Same as sin offering (Lev. 7:1-7), except blood.  It was sprinkled upon the altar round about, instead of being put upon the horns of the altar.  Lev. 7:2.



MEAL OFFERINGS

NATURE: Nonbloody.  Accompaniment of bloody offerings. Num. 15:3-4.

When offered

1. With all burnt offerings, regular, special, and personal.  Num. 15:2-12, 28, 29.

2. With all peace offerings.  Num. 15:3; Lev. 7:11-14.

3. Special Cases.

a. High priest's meal offering.  Lev. 6:20-23.
b. The shewbread.  Lev. 24:5-9.
c. The wave sheaf.  Lev. 23:10-14.
d. First-fruits loaf.  Lev. 23:16, 17.
e. Trial of jealousy.  Num. 5:15.
f. Nazarite. Num. 6:15.

Material Prescribed

Fine flour. Lev. 2:1, 2.
Unleavened bread or cakes. Lev. 2:4.
Unleavened wafers. Lev. 2:4.
Fried cakes. Lev. 2:7.
Beaten grain. Lev. 2:14-16.
Barley meal. Num. 5:15.

RULE: No meal offering shall be made with leaven, for leaven and honey shall not come upon the altar.

EXCEPTION: The loaf of the first fruits at Pentecost and the loaf with the thank offering shall be made with leaven, but they shall not be burned on the altar.  Lev. 2:12; 7:12, 13; 23:17-20.

Accompaniments

Salt.  Lev. 2:13.
Oil.  Lev. 2:2-7; Num. 15:4-11.
Wine.  Num. 15:4-11.
Frankincense.  Lev. 2:7; 24:7.

General (Leviticus 2).

1. Bring offering to priest.
2. Priest burns handful of flour with oil, and all frankincense; or portion of prepared bread with oil.
3. Rest goes to priest.

High Priest's Meal Offering

All burned.  Lev. 6:23.

Shewbread

Placed on table in holy place for a week; with incense on it.  Lev. 24:5-8.

Wave Sheaf and First-fruits Loaves

Waved before the Lord.  Lev. 23:11.

Disposition

Flour

Handful on altar. Lev. 2:2. Rest for the priesthood in general.  Lev. 7:10.

Prepared Bread

Portion on altar.  Lev. 2:9.  Rest to the officiating priest.  Lev. 7:9.

Shewbread

To priesthood.  Lev. 24:5-9.

Waved Part of Leavened Bread

In thank offering to officiating priest; rest to offerer.  Lev.7:13, 14; Deut. 27:7.

First-fruits Loaves

To priest.  Lev. 23:20.



PASSOVER

NATURE: Prescribed.  Sign and memorial.  Ex. 13:9, 10.

ACCOMPLISHMENT: Angel passed over.  Ex. 12:12, 13.

When Offered

Fourteenth of Abib, first month.  Ex. 12:2, 6.

Animal Prescribed

Lamb or kid.  Ex. 12:5.

Accompaniments

Bitter herbs.  Ex. 12:8.
Unleavened bread.  Ex. 12:8.
Wine (Jewish tradition). The Desire of Ages, p. 653.

Order of Procedure

1. Select animal on tenth of Abib.
2. Kill on fourteenth at even.
3. Sprinkle blood on doorposts and lintel.
4. Roast animal entire.
5. Eat with bitter herbs.
6. Burn what remains.

Disposition

Blood

On doorpost and lintel.

Flesh

Eaten by offerer and friends.

Remainder

Burned.



INCENSE

NATURE: Prescribed.

ACCOMPLISHMENT: Brought prayers before God.  Ps. 141:2; Rev. 8:3.

When Offered

1. Morning and evening. Ex. 30:7, 8.
2. Day of Atonement. Lev. 16:12, 13.
3. Special occasions. Num. 16:46, 47.

Material Prescribed

Combination of sweet spices.  Ex. 30:34-48.

Accompaniments

None.

Order of Procedure

Burned before the Lord.



SPECIAL CEREMONIES


Day of Atonement

TEXTS:  Leviticus 16; 23:27-32; Num. 29:7-11; Ex. 30:10.

OFFERINGS: Daily burnt offering; bullock for a sin offering and ram for a burnt offering for the priest; two goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering for the people; and for the day, one bullock, one ram, seven lambs, for a burnt offering, and one kid for a sin offering.

ATONEMENT CEREMONIES

1. High priest bathes and changes to white garments, after performing the morning ceremonies in his pontifical robes.
2. Presents bullock of priestly sin offering before the Lord; hands on head.
3. Presents goats, and casts lots to determine which shall be for Jehovah and which for Azazel.
4. Kills bullock and catches blood.
5. Takes censer and incense into most holy place and puts, incense on coals.
6. Returns to court for blood of bullock, which he takes into most holy place and sprinkles on the mercy scat and before the mercy scat seven times.
7. Returns' to court, kills Lord's goat, and enters most holy place with the blood, sprinkling as before.
8. Returns to holy place, and makes atonement for the holy things.
9. Returns to court, and makes atonement for the altar, sprinkling it with the blood of both bullock and goat seven times, and placing blood on the horns of the altar.
10. Confesses sins of Israel over head of live goat, and sends him into wilderness by a fit man.
11. Resumes pontifical robes, and offers fat of sin offerings, the burnt offerings for himself and the people, the burnt offerings for the day, and kid of the sin offering for the day.


The Nazarite Vow

TEXT: Numbers 6:1-21.

Accidental Violation

OFFERINGS: Two pigeons-one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering-and a lamb for a trespass offering.

PROCEDURE

1. Shave head on first and seventh days of the cleansing.
2. On eighth day bring two pigeons to the priest, one for a sin offering and one for a burnt offering.
3. Bring a lamb for a trespass offering.
4. Shall lose the days that were before the defilement.

Fulfillment

OFFERINGS: Male lamb for a burnt offering, ewe lamb for a sin offering, one ram for a peace offering, basket of unleavened bread; cakes of fine flour, and the meal and drink offerings of the appropriate animals.

PROCEDURE

1. Offer sin offering.
2. Offer burnt offering.
3. Offer peace offering with accompaniments.
4. Nazarite shaves head, and burns hair.
5. Wave heave offering.


Cleansing of the Leper

TEXT: Leviticus 14:1-32.

Preliminary Ceremony

OFFERINGS: Two sparrows, cedar wood, scarlet, hyssop, and running water.

PROCEDURE

1.Kill one bird over earthen vessel filled with running water.
2.Dip living bird, cedar wood, scarlet, and hyssop into water and blood, and sprinkle leper seven times.
3.Let living bird go free.
4.Leper shaves and bathes on seventh day.
5.Leper returns on eighth day for concluding ceremonies and offerings.

(This same ceremony is used to cleanse a house infested with plague. Leviticus 14:48-53.)

Main Ceremony

OFFERINGS: One male lamb for a trespass offering; one male lamb for a burnt offering; one ewe lamb for a sin offering; three-tenths deal flour mingled with oil for meal offering; and one log of oil.

PROCEDURE

1.Slay trespass offering, and wave it and the log of oil before the Lord.
2.Put some of the blood on the right ear, right thumb, and right great toe of the offerer.
3.Sprinkle oil seven times before the Lord.
4.Put oil on car, thumb, and toe where blood was put.
5.Pour oil over head of offerer.
6.Offer sin offering.
7.Offer burnt offering and meal offering.

(In case of poverty, it will suffice to have one lamb for a trespass offering, and two pigeons-one for a sin offering and one for a burnt offering.)


Water of Separation
(Ceremony of the Red Heifer)

TEXT: Numbers 19.

USE: For purification from defilement received from dead - body, bone, grave, etc.

PREPARATION

(Any clean person may perform, but priest shall oversee.)
1.Take red heifer without the camp.
2.Slay animal.
3.Priest sprinkles blood toward the sanctuary seven times.
4.Whole animal is burned.
5.Priest casts cedar wood, scarlet, and hyssop into the fire.
6.Clean man gathers ashes, and stores them in a clean place without the camp.

PROCEDURE

(Any clean person may officiate.)
1.Mix ashes and running water.
2.Sprinkle place of death first, if house or tent is involved.
3.Sprinkle unclean person.
4.Sprinkle unclean person on third and seventh day.
5.'Unclean person shall bathe himself on seventh day, and shall be clean at even.


Purification for Childbirth

TEXT: Leviticus 12.

SEPARATION: For a son, seven days plus thirty-three days.  For a daughter, fourteen days plus sixty-six days.

OFFERINGS: Lamb for a burnt offering, and pigeon for a sin offering.  In case of poverty, two young pigeons will do-one for a burnt offering, and one for a sin offering.


Purification From Uncleanness of Issue

TEXT: Leviticus 15.

OFFERING: Two pigeons, one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering.

PROCEDURE

1.Number seven days from time issue stops.
2.Bathe on seventh day.
3.Bring two pigeons to priest on eighth day.
4.Offer one for sin offering and one for burnt offering.


Trial of jealousy

TEXT: Numbers 5:11-31.

OFFERING: One-tenth ephah of barley flour.

OCCASION: If a man is jealous of his wife.

PROCEDURE

1.Come before the priest with offering.
2.Priest shall prepare bitter water by mixing dust of the floor with holy water in an earthen vessel.
3.Priest pronounces curses for infidelity, writes them in a book, and blots them with the bitter water.
4.Priest waves meal offering before the Lord, and burns a handful on the altar.
5.The woman drinks the water.
6.If she is innocent, nothing happens; if she is guilty, the curses take effect.


Expiation of Uncertain Murder

TEXT: Deuteronomy 21:1-9.

OFFERING: Heifer not wrought with, and not yoked.

PROCEDURE

1.Measure from dead man to nearest city.
2.Elders of that city bring heifer to rough valley, unsown.
3.Strike off the heifer's neck.
4.Priests come near.
5.Elders wash hands over the heifer.
6.Elders proclaim their innocence.



Feasts and Holy Convocations


Sabbath

TEXTS: Exodus 20: 8-11; Numbers 28:9, 10.

TIME: Every seventh day is holy.

OFFERING: Two lambs for a burnt offering, besides the continual burnt offering.


New Moons

TEXT: Numbers 28:11-15.

TIME: First day of every month.

OFFERING: Two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs, for a burnt offering, with appropriate meal and drink offerings. One kid for a sin offering.


Passover

TEXTS: Exodus 12; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:1-14; 28:16; Deuteronomy 16:14.

TIME: Fourteenth of Abib, the first month.

OFFERING: Paschal lamb.


Feast of Unleavened Bread

TEXTS: Exodus 12:15-20; M5-9; Leviticus 23:6-8; Numbers 28:17-25; Deuteronomy 16:8.

TIME: Fifteenth to twenty-first of Abib.

OFFERINGS: For burnt offering, daily, two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs, with appropriate meal offerings; and one kid for a sin offering.

CEREMONIAL SABBATH: On the first day and the seventh day shall be holy convocations. No servile work may be done.


Ceremony of the Wave Sheaf

TEXT: Leviticus 23:10-14.

TIME: Sixteenth of Abib, the second day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

OFFERINGS: Wave sheaf or omer of barley, waved before the Lord; yearling lamb and its appropriate meal offering.

"Ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that you have brought an offering unto your God." Leviticus 23:14.


Pentecost

TEXTS: Leviticus 23:15-21; Numbers 28:26-31; Deuteronomy 16:9-11.

TIME: Fifty days from the wave sheaf.

OFFERINGS: Two loaves to be waved;  and -

1.For the day, two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs, for a burnt offering, with appropriate meal offerings; one kid for a sin offering.  Numbers 28:26-30.
2.For the bread, one bullock, two rams, seven lambs, for a burnt offering, with appropriate meal offering; one kid for a sin offering; two lambs for a peace offering.  Leviticus 23:15-21.

CEREMONIAL SABBATH: On this day shall be a holy convocation. No servile work may be done.


Blowing of Trumpets

TEXTS: Leviticus 23:24, 25; Numbers 29:1-6.

TIME: First day of seventh month.

OFFERINGS: One bullock, one ram, seven lambs, for a burnt offering, with appropriate meal offering; one kid for a sin offering.

CEREMONIAL SABBATH: On this day shall be a holy convocation. No servile work may be done.


Day of Atonement

TEXTS: Leviticus 16; 23:27-32; Numbers 29:7-11.

TIME: Tenth day of seventh month.

OFFERINGS: (See under Special Ceremonies, Day of Atonement.)

CEREMONIAL SABBATH: On this day shall be a holy convocation. "You shall afflict your souls." No manner of work may be done.


Feast of Tabernacles

TEXTS: Leviticus 23:34-43; Numbers 29:12-34; Deuteronomy 16:13-15.

TIME: Fifteenth to twenty-first of seventh month.

OFFERINGS: First day, thirteen bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs, for a burnt offering, and one kid for a sin offering. Each day thereafter, the number of bullocks is reduced by one, until on the last day the offering is seven bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs for a burnt offering, and one kid for a sin offering.

CEREMONIAL SABBATH: On this day shall be a holy convocation. No servile work may be done.


Octave of Feast of Tabernacles

TEXTS: Leviticus 23:36, 39; Numbers 29:35-38.

TIME: Twenty-second day of seventh month.

OFFERINGS: One bullock, one ram, seven lambs, for a burnt offering; one kid for a sin offering.

CEREMONIAL SABBATH: On this day shall be a solemn assembly. No servile work may be done.




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© S. D. Goeldner, February, 2011. Last updated October, 2017.
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